Report and Descriptive Text (1)
The dagona tree, which is comoon in the dry regions of Africa, has an unusual appearance. The fully-grown dagona is about twenty feet tall ang has a thin trunk, about nine inches across. The trunk is bare for most of its height and the spiky branches, which have may small leaves, stand out from the top of the trunk, giving the tree appearance of a large brush stuck in the ground.
The dagona tree has may uses. In October it produces large, round fruit with yellow flesh inside which can be eaten raw or made into a refreshing drink. The flesh can also be dried and made into flour. The outer skin of the fruit can be used for making glue; first it is dried, then the skin is pounded and mixed with water to make the glue. The bark of the tree is made up of fibers of great streght which are used to make ropes. And the spiky branches can be hollowed out and used as musical pipes.
Dances are parts of celebrations, and mark important times of life such as births, weddings and funerals. They are parts of festivities at times of planting and harvesting of rice, and other important events.
There are many different types and styles of dances. They are Court, Martial, Mask dances. The dances of the different island vary. Men and women seldom perform together, except in courtship dances. generally dancers will be either men or women. Indonesian dances are slow, with very controlled movements. The dancers’s arm and hand movement are very important.
The court dances are very formal in style. Dancers keep their faces without any expressions, and perform precise gestures. Some dances reflect the pomp and formality of the court. Some dances tell stories from the Ramayana, the Hindu holy book.
Martial dances are generally performed only by men. They were originally war dances and in come the men demonstrade their skill in using the weapons of battle, such as spears.
Some dances involve the use of elaborate masks. It is believed thet when a dancer wears a mask, he takes on the character of the mask as though the spirit of the mask takes over. Each island has different mask dances, and different styles of masks.